Solid solution-modified sodium bismuth titanate leadless piezoelectric ceramics and preparation method thereof



The invention provides solid solution-modified sodium bismuth titanate leadless piezoelectric ceramics and a preparation method thereof. The piezoelectric ceramics are represented by chemical composition general formula of (1-x)(0.74Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3-0.26SrTiO3)-xBa(Zr0.05Ti0.95)O3 or (1-y)(0.9Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3-0.1CaTiO3)-yBa(Zr0.05Ti0.95)O3, wherein 0.04<=x<=0.1 and 0.04<=y<=0.1. Solid solution of Ba(Zr0.05Ti0.95)O3 is realized at the morphotropic phase boundary of a 0.74Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3-0.26SrTiO3 and 0.9Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3-0.1CaTiO3 system, and high-density microcrystalline structure ceramics with uniform crystal grain size distribution are obtained by a two-step forming method and a self-bearing pressure sintering process. The piezoelectric property of the material is optimized by the morphotropic phase boundary composition characteristics and the solid solution modification method, and the piezoelectric constant d33 reaches 110-138 PC/N; the electromechanical coupling coefficient of the material is also increased obviously; the preparation process of the material is simple and stable, and the material is an optimal material for manufacturing low-power ultrasonic devices and energy transducers used in fields of gas sensors, industrial nondestructive test, and the like.




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